Словарь санскрита

Русско-санскритский словарь / русско-санскритский словарь.
Около 30 тысяч слов санскрита.

पुरुष

पुरुष /puruṣa/ m.
1) человек, мужчина
2) герой
3) слуга
4) грам. лицо
5) род человеческий
6) душа
7) филос. мировой дух
8) nom. pr. божество, рождённое Брахмой и олицетворяющее мужское начало

существительное, м.р.

sg.du.pl.
Nom.puruṣaḥpuruṣaupuruṣāḥ
Gen.puruṣasyapuruṣayoḥpuruṣāṇām
Dat.puruṣāyapuruṣābhyāmpuruṣebhyaḥ
Instr.puruṣeṇapuruṣābhyāmpuruṣaiḥ
Acc.puruṣampuruṣaupuruṣān
Abl.puruṣātpuruṣābhyāmpuruṣebhyaḥ
Loc.puruṣepuruṣayoḥpuruṣeṣu
Voc.puruṣapuruṣaupuruṣāḥ



Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
---

पुरुष [ puruṣa ] [ púruṣa ] m. ( mc. also [ pū́r ] ; prob. fr. √ [ pṝ ] and connected with [ puru ] , [ pūru ] ifc. f ( [ ā ] ) . , rarely f ( [ ī ] ) . ; cf. Lit. Pāṇ. 4-i , 24) a man , male , human being (pl. people , mankind) Lit. RV.

a person , ( [ pumān puruṣaḥ ] , a male person Lit. ŚāṅkhGṛ. Lit. Mn. ; [ daṇḍaḥp ] , punishment personified Lit. Mn. ; esp. grammatical pers. ; with [ prathama ] , [ madhyama ] , [ uttama ] = the 3rd , 2nd , 1st pers. Lit. Nir. Lit. Pāṇ.) , an officer , functionary , attendant , servant Lit. Mn. Lit. MBh. ( cf. [ tat-p ] )

a friend Lit. L.

a follower of the Sāṃkhya Philosophy (?) Lit. L.

a member or representative of a race or generation Lit. TS. Lit. Br. Lit. Mn.

the height or measure of a man (= 5 Aratnis = 120 Aṅgulas) Lit. ŚBr. Lit. Śulbas. Lit. Var.

the pupil of the eye Lit. ŚBr.

( also with [ nārāyaṇa ] ) the primaeval man as the soul and original source of the universe ( described in the Purusha-sûkta q.v.) Lit. RV. Lit. ŚBr.

the personal and animating principle in men and other beings , the soul or spirit Lit. AV.

the Supreme Being or Soul of the universe (sometimes with [ para ] , [ parama ] , or [ uttama ] ; also identified with Brahmā , Vishṇu , Śiva and Durgā) Lit. VS. Lit. ŚBr.

(in Sāṃkhya) the Spirit as passive and a spectator of the Prakṛiti or creative force Lit. IW. 82

the , " spirit " or fragrant exhalation of plants Lit. RV. x , 51 , 8

( with [ sapta ] ) N. of the divine or active principles from the minute portions of which the universe was formed Lit. Mn. i , 19

N. of a Pāda in the Mahā-nāmnī verses Lit. Lāṭy.

of the Ist , 3rd , 5th , 7th , 9th and 11th signs of the zodiac Lit. Jyot.

of a son of Manu Cākshusha Lit. BhP.

of one of the 18 attendants of the sun Lit. L.

pl. men , people ( cf. above )

N. of the Brāhmans of Krauñca-dvīpa Lit. BhP.

( with [ pañca ] ) N. of 5 princely personages or miraculous persons born under partic. constellations , Var

Rottleria Tinctoria Lit. L.

Clerodendrum Phlomoides Lit. L.

[ puruṣī ] f. a woman , female Lit. RV.

[ puruṣa ] m. n. = [ puruṣaka ] m. n. Lit. Śiś. v , 56 Sch.

n. (!) N. of mount Meru Lit. L.


---





смотрите так же: латинский словарь, чешский словарь, среднеперсидский словарь,