Словарь санскрита

Русско-санскритский словарь / русско-санскритский словарь.
Около 30 тысяч слов санскрита.

गम्

गम् /gam/ (P. pr. /gacchati/ — I; fut. /ga-miṣyati/; pf. /jagāma/; aor. /agamat/; pp. /gata/; ger. /gatvā/ ; inf. /gantum/)
1) идти
2) двигаться
3) уходить
4) приходить
5) проходить, миновать (о времени)
6) достигать чего-л. (Acc. )
7) нападать; накидываться
8) постигать, познавать
9) подвергаться чему-л.; испытывать что-л.
10) терпеть, сносить
11) в сочет. с Acc. сущ. и прил.:
быть, становиться;
[drone1]क्रोधम् ~[/drone1] становиться сердитым; сердиться



Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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गम् [ gam ] [ gam ]1 Root Ved. cl. [1] P. [ gámati ] ( Lit. Naigh. ; Subj. [ gamam ] , [ gámat ] ( [ gamātas ] , [ gamātha ] Lit. AV. ) , [ gamāma ] , [ gaman ] Lit. RV. ; Pot. [ gaméma ] Lit. RV. ; inf. [ gámadhyai ] Lit. RV. i , 154 , 6) : cl. [2] P. [gánti ] ( Lit. Naigh. ; Impv. 3. sg. [ gantu ] , ( 2. sg. [ gadhi ] see [ ā- ] , or [gahi ] see [ adhi- ] , [ abhy-ā- ] , [ ā- ] , [ upā- ] ) , 2. pl. [ gántā or [ gantana ] Lit. RV. ; impf. 2. and 3. sg. [ ágan ] ( Lit. RV. Lit. AV. ) , 1. pl. [ áganma ] ( Lit. RV. Lit. AV. ; cf. Lit. Pāṇ. 8-2 , 65 ) , 3. pl. [ ágman ] Lit. RV. ; Subj. ( or aor. Subj. cf. Lit. Pāṇ. 2-4 , 80 Lit. Kāś. ) 1. pl. [ ganma ] , 3. pl. [ gmán ] Lit. RV. ; Pot. 2. sg. [ gamyās ] Lit. RV. i , 187 , 7 ; Prec. 3. sg. [ gamyā́s ] Lit. RV. ; pr. p. [gmát ] , Lit. x , 22 , 6) : cl. [3] P. [ jaganti ] ( Lit. Naigh. ii , 14 ; Pot. [ jagamyām ] , [ °yāt ] Lit. RV. Lit. Hir. i, 8, 4 ; impf. 2. and 3. sg. [ ajagan ] , 2. pl. [ ajaganta or [ °tana ] Lit. RV.) : Ved. and Class. cl. [1] P. ( also Ā. Lit. MBh. ) , with substitution of [ gacch ] ( ( = 1 ) ) for [ gam ] , [ gácchati ] (cf. Lit. Pāṇ. 7-3 , 77 ; Subj. [ gācchāti ] Lit. RV. x , 16 , 2 ; 2. sg. [ gacchās ] ( Lit. RV. vi , 35 , 3 ) or [gacchāsi ] ( Lit. AV. v , 5 , 6 ) ; 2. pl. [ gacchāta ] Lit. RV. viii , 7 , 30 ; 3. pl. [gácchān ] Lit. RV. viii , 79 , 5 ; impf. [ ágacchat ] ; Pot. [ gacchet ] ; pr. p. [gácchat ] Lit. RV. ; aor. [ agamat ] Lit. Pāṇ. 3-1 , 55 ; vi , 4 , 98 Lit. Kāś. ; for Ā. with prepositions cf. Lit. Pāṇ. 1-2 , 13 ; 2nd fut. [ gamiṣyati ] Lit. AV. ; 1st fut. [gántā ] ( Lit. Pāṇ. 7-2 , 58 ) Lit. RV. ; perf. 1. sg. [ jagamā ] ( Lit. RV. ) , 3. sg. [jagāma ] , 2. du. [ jagmathur ] , 3. pl. [ jagmúr ] Lit. RV. ; p. [ jaganvás ] ( Lit. RV. ) or [ jagmivas ] Lit. Pāṇ. 7-2 , 68 f. [ jagmúṣī ] Lit. RV. ; Ved. inf. [ gántave ] , [ gántavaí ] ; Class. inf. [ gantum ] : Ved. ind.p. [ gatvāya ] , [ gatvī́ ] ; Class.ind.p. [ gatvā́ ] ( Lit. AV. ) , with prepositions [ -gamya ] or [ -gatya ] Lit. Pāṇ. 6-4 , 38) to go , move , go away , set out , come Lit. RV. ; to go to or towards , approach (with acc. or loc. or dat. ( Lit. MBh. Lit. Ragh. ii , 15 ; xii , 7 ; cf. Lit. Pāṇ. 2-3 , 12 ) or [ prati ] ( Lit. MBh. Lit. R. ) ) Lit. RV. ; to go or pass (as time e.g. [ kāle gacchati ] , time going on , in the course of time) Lit. R. Lit. Ragh. Lit. Megh. Lit. Naish. Lit. Hit. ; to fall to the share of (acc.) Lit. Mn. ; to go against with hostile intentions , attack Lit. L. ; to decease , die Lit. Cāṇ. ; to approach carnally , have sexual intercourse with (acc.) Lit. ĀśvGṛ. iii , 6 Lit. Mn. ; to go to any state or condition , undergo , partake of , participate in , receive , obtain (e.g. [ mitratāṃ gacchati ] , " he goes to friendship " i.e. he becomes friendly) Lit. RV. Lit. AV. ; [ jānubhyām avanīṃ-√ gam ] , " to go to the earth with the knees " , kneel down Lit. MBh. xiii , 935 Lit. Pañcat. v , 1 , 10/11 ; [ dharaṇīṃ mūrdhnā-√ gam ] , " to go to the earth with the head " , make a bow Lit. R. iii , 11 , 6 ; [mánasā-√ gam ] , to go with the mind , observe , perceive Lit. RV. iii , 38 , 6 Lit. VS. Lit. Nal. Lit. R. ; ( without [ mánasā ] ) to observe , understand , guess Lit. MBh. iii , 2108 ; ( especially Pass. [ gamyate ] , " to be understood or meant " ) Lit. Pāṇ. Lit. Kāś. and Lit. L. Sch. ; [ doṣeṇa or [ doṣato-√ gam ] , to approach with an accusation , ascribe guilt to a person (acc.) Lit. MBh. i , 4322 and 7455 Lit. R. iv , 21 , 3 : Caus. [ gamayati ] ( Lit. Pāṇ. 2-4 , 46 ; Impv. 2. sg. Ved. [gamayā ] or [ gāmaya ] ( Lit. RV. v , 5 , 10 ) , 3. sg. [ gamayatāt ] Lit. AitBr. ii , 6 ; perf. [ gamayā́ṃ cakāra ] Lit. AV. ) to cause to go ( Lit. Pāṇ. 8-1 , 60 Lit. Kāś.) or come , lead or conduct towards , send to (dat. Lit. AV.) , bring to a place (acc. ( Lit. Pāṇ. 1-4 , 52 ) or loc.) Lit. RV. ; to cause to go to any condition , cause to become Lit. TS. Lit. ŚBr. ; to impart , grant Lit. MBh. xiv , 179 ; to send away Lit. Pāṇ. 1-4 , 52 Lit. Kāś. ; " to let go " , not care about Lit. Bālar. v , 10 ; to excel Lit. Prasannar. i , 14 ; to spend time Lit. Śak. Lit. Megh. Lit. Ragh. ; to cause to understand , make clear or intelligible , explain Lit. MBh. iii , 11290 Lit. VarBṛS. Lit. L. Sch. ; to convey an idea or meaning , denote Lit. Pāṇ. 3-2 , 10 Lit. Kāś. ; (causal of the causal) to cause a person (acc.) to go by means of [ jigamiśati ] another Lit. Pāṇ. 1-4 , 52 Lit. Kāś. : Desid. [ jí gamiṣati ] ( Lit. Pāṇ. , or [jigāṃsate ] Lit. Pāṇ. 6-4 , 16 Lit. Siddh. ; impf. [ ajigāṃsat ] Lit. ŚBr. x) to wish to go , be going Lit. Lāṭy. Lit. MBh. xvi , 63 ; to strive to obtain Lit. ŚBr. x Lit. ChUp. ; to wish to bring to light , [ prakā́śam ] ) Lit. TS. i : Intens. [ jáṅganti ] ( Lit. Naigh.) , [ jaṅgamīti or [ jaṅgamyate ] ( Lit. Pāṇ. 7-4 , 85 Lit. Kāś.) , to visitLit. RV. x , 41 , 1 (p. [ gánigmat ] ) Lit. VS. xxiii , 7 (impf. [ aganīgan ] ) ; ( ( cf. 2 ; Goth. (qvam) ; Eng. (come) ; Lat. (venio) for (gvemio) . ) ) ( 346,3 )( 1327,2 )

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