Словарь санскрита

Русско-санскритский словарь / русско-санскритский словарь.
Около 30 тысяч слов санскрита.

यम

यम II /yama/
1.
1) двойной
2) родственный
2. m.
1) близнец; du. близнецы
2) nom. pr. бог смерти и правосудия
3. n. пара

Adj., m./n./f.

m.sg.du.pl.
Nom.yamaḥyamauyamāḥ
Gen.yamasyayamayoḥyamānām
Dat.yamāyayamābhyāmyamebhyaḥ
Instr.yamenayamābhyāmyamaiḥ
Acc.yamamyamauyamān
Abl.yamātyamābhyāmyamebhyaḥ
Loc.yameyamayoḥyameṣu
Voc.yamayamauyamāḥ


f.sg.du.pl.
Nom.yamāyameyamāḥ
Gen.yamāyāḥyamayoḥyamānām
Dat.yamāyaiyamābhyāmyamābhyaḥ
Instr.yamayāyamābhyāmyamābhiḥ
Acc.yamāmyameyamāḥ
Abl.yamāyāḥyamābhyāmyamābhyaḥ
Loc.yamāyāmyamayoḥyamāsu
Voc.yameyameyamāḥ


n.sg.du.pl.
Nom.yamamyameyamāni
Gen.yamasyayamayoḥyamānām
Dat.yamāyayamābhyāmyamebhyaḥ
Instr.yamenayamābhyāmyamaiḥ
Acc.yamamyameyamāni
Abl.yamātyamābhyāmyamebhyaḥ
Loc.yameyamayoḥyameṣu
Voc.yamayameyamāni




Noun, m.

sg.du.pl.
Nom.yamaḥyamauyamāḥ
Gen.yamasyayamayoḥyamānām
Dat.yamāyayamābhyāmyamebhyaḥ
Instr.yamenayamābhyāmyamaiḥ
Acc.yamamyamauyamān
Abl.yamātyamābhyāmyamebhyaḥ
Loc.yameyamayoḥyameṣu
Voc.yamayamauyamāḥ



Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
 

  [ yama ] m. f. n. twin-born , twin , forming a pair Lit. RV.

  m. a twin , one of a pair or couple , a fellow (du. " the twins " N. of the Aśvins and of their twin children by Mādrī , called Nakula and Saha-deva ; [ yamau mithunau ] , twins of different sex) Lit. ib.

  a symbolical N. for the number " two " Lit. Hcat.

  N. of the god who presides over the Pitṛis ( q.v.) and rules the spirits of the dead Lit. RV. Lit. IW. 18 ; 197 , 198 Lit. RTL. 10 ; 16 ; 289 (he is regarded as the first of men and born from Vivasvat , " the Sun " , and his wife Saraṇyū ; while his brother , the seventh Manu , another form of the first man , is the son of Vivasvat and Saṃjñā , the image of Saraṇyū ; his twin-sister is Yamī , with whom he resists sexual alliance , but by whom he is mourned after his death , so that the gods , to make her forget her sorrow , create night ; in the Veda he is called a king or [ saṃgamano janānām ] , " the gatherer of men " , and rules over the departed fathers in heaven , the road to which is guarded by two broad-nosed , four-eyed , spotted dogs , the children of Śaramā q.v. ; in Post-vedic mythology he is the appointed Judge and " Restrainer " or " Punisher " of the dead , in which capacity he is also called [ dharmarāja ] or [ dharma ] and corresponds to the Greek Pluto and to Minos ; his abode is in some region of the lower world called Yama-pura ; thither a soul when it leaves the body , is said to repair , and there , after the recorder , Citra-gupta , has read an account of its actions kept in a book called Agra-saṃdhānā , it receives a just sentence ; in Lit. MBh. Yama is described as dressed in blood-red garments , with a glittering form , a crown on his head , glowing eyes and like Varuṇa , holding a noose , with which he binds the spirit after drawing it from the body , in size about the measure of a man's thumb ; he is otherwise represented as grim in aspect , green in colour , clothed in red , riding on a buffalo , and holding a club in one hind and noose in the other ; in the later mythology he is always represented as a terrible deity inflicting tortures , called [ yātanā ] , on departed spirits ; he is also one of the 8 guardians of the world as regent of the South quarter ; he is the regent of the Nakshatra Apa-bharaṇī or Bharaṇī , the supposed author of Lit. RV. x , 10 ; 14 , of a hymn to Vishṇu and of a law-book ; [ yamasyārkaḥ ] N. of a Sāman Lit. ĀrshBr.) ( 846,1 )

  N. of the planet Saturn (regarded as the son of Vivasvat and Chāyā) Lit. Hariv. Lit. BhP.

  of one of Skanda's attendants (mentioned together with Ati-yama) Lit. MBh.

  a crow Lit. L. ( cf. [ -dūtaka ] )

  a bad horse (whose limbs are either too small or too large) Lit. L.

  [ yamī ] f. N. of Yama's twin-sister (who is identified in Postvedic mythology with the river-goddess Yamunā) Lit. RV.

  [ yama ] n. a pair , brace , couple Lit. L.

  (in gram.) a twin-letter (the consonant interposed and generally understood , but not written in practice , between a nasal immediately preceded by one of the four other consonants in each class) Lit. Prāt. Lit. Pat. on Lit. Pāṇ. 1-1 , 8

  pitch of the voice , tone of utterance , key Lit. Prāt.


 

происхождение слова यम

все этимологии

санскрит: यम
, от протоиндоарийский: *yámHas
, от праиндоиранский: *yámHas
, от протоиндоевропейский: *yémHos


протоиндоевропейский: *yémHos
       праиндоиранский: *yámHas
              протоиндоарийский: *yámHas
                     санскрит: यम /yáma /
                     пали: yama
              праиранский: *yámHah
                     авестийский: 𐬫𐬇𐬨𐬀‎‎ /yə̄ma‎ /
       италийский: *jemos