Словарь санскрита

Русско-санскритский словарь / русско-санскритский словарь.
Около 30 тысяч слов санскрита.

शक्ति

शक्ति I /śakti/ f.
1) сила, мощь
2) способность
3) творческая сила божества (выступающая как его супруга)
4) власть
5) сила поэтического таланта
6) грам. категория падежа

sg.du.pl.
Nom.śaktiḥśaktīśaktayaḥ
Gen.śaktyāḥ, śakteḥśaktyoḥśaktīnām
Dat.śaktyai, śaktayeśaktibhyāmśaktibhyaḥ
Instr.śaktyāśaktibhyāmśaktibhiḥ
Acc.śaktimśaktīśaktīḥ
Abl.śaktyāḥ, śakteḥśaktibhyāmśaktibhyaḥ
Loc.śaktyām, śaktauśaktyoḥśaktiṣu
Voc.śakteśaktīśaktayaḥ



Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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 शक्ति [ śakti ] [ śákti ] [ śákti ] or [ śaktí ] f. power , ability , strength , might , effort , energy , capability ( [ śaktyā ] or [ ātma-ś ] or [ sva-ś ] , " according to ability " ; [ paraṃ śaktyā ] , " with all one's might " ; [ vitta-śaktyā ] , " according to the capability of one's property " ; [ śaktim a-hāpayitvā ] , " not relaxing one's efforts , exerting all one's strength " ) , faculty , skill , capacity for , power over (gen. loc. dat. , or inf.) Lit. RV.

  effectiveness or efficacy (of a remedy) Lit. ŚārṅgS.

  regal power (consisting of three parts , [ prabhutva ] , personal pre-eminence ; [ mantra ] , good counsel , and [ utsāha ] , energy) Lit. Kām. ( cf. Lit. Ragh. iii , 13)

  the energy or active power of a deity personified as his wife and worshipped by the Śākta ( q.v.) sect of Hindūs under various names (sometimes only three , sometimes eight Śakti goddesses are enumerated , as follow , Indrāṇī , Vaishṇavī , Śāntā , Brahmāṇī , Kaumārī , Nārasiṃhī , Vārāhī , and Māheśvarī , but some substitute Cāmuṇḍā and Caṇḍikā for the third and sixth of these: according to another reckoning there are nine , viz. Vaishṇavī , Brahmāṇī , Raudrī , Māheśvarī , Nārasiṃhī , Vārāhī , Indrāṇī , Kārttikī , and Pradhānā: others reckon fifty different forms of the Śakti of Vishṇu besides Lakshmī , some of these are Kīrtti , Kānti , Tushṭi , Pushṭā , Dhṛiti , Śānti , Kriyā , Dayā , Medhā ; and fifty forms of the Śakti of Śiva or Rudra besides Durgā or Gaurī , some of whom are Guṇôdarī , Virajā , Śālmalī , Lolâkshī , Vartulâkshī , Dīrgha-ghoṇā , Sudīrgha-mukhī , Go-mukhī , Dīrgha-jihvā , Kuṇḍôdarī , Ardha-keśī , Vikṛita-mukhī , Jvālā-mukhī , Ulkāmukhī ; Sarasvatī is also named as a Śakti , both of Vishṇu and Rudra: according to the Vāyu-Purāṇa the female nature of Rudra became twofold , one half [ asita ] or white , and the other [ sita ] or black , each of these again becoming manifold , those of the white or mild nature included Lakshmī , Sarasvatī , Gaurī , Umā ; those of the dark and fierce nature , Durgā , Kālī ) Lit. Kāv. Lit. Kathās. Lit. Pur. ( cf. Lit. RTL. 181 Lit. MWB. 216)

  the female organ (as worshipped by the Śākta sect either actually or symbolically) Lit. RTL. 140

  the power or signification of a word (defined in the Nyāya as [ padasya padārthe ] [ sambandhaḥ ] i.e. " the relation of a word to the thing designated " ) Lit. Bhāshāp. Lit. Sāh.

  (in Gram.) case-power , the idea conveyed by a case (= [ kāraka ] ) Lit. Pāṇ. 2-3 , 7 Sch.

  the power or force or most effective word of a sacred text or magic formula Lit. Up. Lit. Pañcar.

  the creative power or imagination (of a poet) Lit. Kāvyâd.

  help , aid , assistance , gift , bestowal Lit. RV.

  a spear , lance , pike , dart Lit. RV. ( also [ śaktī ] g. [ bahv-ādi ] )

  a sword Lit. MW.

  (prob.) a flag-staff (see [ ratha-ś ] )

  a partic. configuration of stars and planets (when the latter are situated in the 7th , 8th , 9th , and 10th astrological house) , Lit. VarBṛS.

  [ śakti ] m. N. of a Muni or sage (the eldest of Vasishṭha's hundred sons ; accord. to Lit. VP. he was father of Parāśara , and was devoured by king Kalmāsha-pāda , when changed to a man-eating Rākshasa , in consequence of a curse pronounced upon him by the sage ; he is represented as having overcome Viśvāmitra at the sacrifice of king Saudāsa ; he is regarded as the author of Lit. RV. vii , 32 , 26 ; ix , 97 , 19-21 ; 108 , 3 ; 14-16 ; Śakti is also identified with one of the Vyāsas , and with Avalokitêśvara , and has elsewhere the patr. Jātūkarṇa and Sāṃkṛiti) Lit. Pravar. Lit. MBh.


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